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Scientific name: Balaenoptera brydei
Common name: Bryde's whale
Taxonomy
Phyulm Sub Phylum Class Sub Class Order Sub Order Family Sub Family Genus Species
Chordata Vertebrata Mammalia Theriformes Cete Cetacea Balaenopteridae Balaenopterinae Balaenoptera Balaenoptera brydei

       

Short Description:

The Bryde's whale is a baleen whale It has twin blowholes with a low splashguard to the front. Like other rorquals it has no teeth but has two rows of baleen plates.

The head of Bryde's whales makes up about 25% of the body, with relatively large eyes. Each side of the mouth features 250-410 coarse gray baleen plates up to 40 centimetres long. 40-70 ventral pleats are located on the animal's underside. Omura's whales have 180-210 baleen plates on each side and 80-90 ventral pleats. Bryde's whale is unique amongst rorquals in that it has three longitudinal ridges on its rostrum, from the tip of the snout back to the blowhole.
These whales have an erect, curved, pointed, "falcate" dorsal fin located far down its back and broad flukes. The dorsal fin is visible at the surface. The broad, centrally notched tail flukes never break the surface. The flippers are small and slender.

Identification
features:
Color varies: the back is generally dark grey or blue to black. The ventral area is a lighter cream, shading to greyish purple on the belly. Some have a number of whitish-grey spots, which may be scars from parasites or shark attacks. Omuras have asymmetrical head coloring, similar to fin whales.
Size: 12–17 m and weigh up to 41,000 kg Males are usually slightly smaller than females.
Behaviour: Their blow is columnar or bushy, about 3–4 high. Sometimes they blow or exhale while under water. Bryde's whales display seemingly erratic behavior compared to other baleens, because they surface at irregular intervals and can change directions for unknown reasons.
They usually appear individually or in pairs, and occasionally in loose aggregations of up to twenty animals around feeding areas.
Diet: These whales opportunistically feed on plankton (e.g., krill and copepods), and crustaceans (e.g. pelagic red crabs, shrimp) as well as schooling fish (e.g., anchovy, herring, sardine, mackerel, and pilchards). Bryde's whales use several feeding methods, including skimming the surface, lunging, and bubble nets.
Distribution: They inhabit tropical and subtropical waters worldwide.
Depth: 1500m
Habitat: Pelagic
Reference:
  •  Two Oceans
    (A guide to the marine life of Southern Africa
    )
    GM Branch;CL Griffiths;ML Branch;LE Beckley
  • Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    www.wikipedia.org/ 
Similar Species:

Database Statistics
(Click on the links for more information)
Photographer Date City Area Dive site Temp Size Depth Camera Photo Video
Lloyd Edwards-(Port Elizabeth) 2007-10-25 Port Elizabeth Algoa Bay (PE)-Port Elizabeth General Coastline 16 13m 1m Nikon D200 photo
Lloyd Edwards-(Port Elizabeth) 2007-10-25 Port Elizabeth Algoa Bay (PE)-Port Elizabeth General Coastline 16 13m 1m Nikon D200 photo
Lloyd Edwards-(Port Elizabeth) 2007-10-25 Port Elizabeth Algoa Bay (PE)-Port Elizabeth General Coastline 16 13m 1m Nikon D200 photo
Lloyd Edwards-(Port Elizabeth) 2009-03-26 Port Elizabeth Algoa Bay (PE)-Port Elizabeth General Coastline 16 15m 1m Nikon D200 photo
 
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eastern cape scuba diving